The Ministry of Agriculture issued an urgent notice demanding that all localities strengthen the management of wheat fields before winter
More than 90% of the total output of summer grain is crucial to the production of summer grain. Cultivating strong seedlings before winter and ensuring safe overwintering are the key to building a reasonable population and laying the foundation for the number of ears, as well as the basis for grasping the field management next spring, promoting the upgrading and transformation of seedling conditions, and seizing the wheat harvest. All localities must attach great importance to it, make overall arrangements, strengthen leadership, mobilize extensively, take all effective measures, do a good job in the management of wheat fields before winter, and lay a solid foundation for a bumper summer harvest next year.
The notice requires that measures should be taken according to seedlings and local conditions, and guidance should be given by regions and classifications. The pre winter wheat field management should focus on drought resistance and seedling protection, vigorous control and freezing prevention, and efforts should be made to cultivate strong seedlings before winter, so as to lay the foundation for building a reasonable population and seizing a bumper wheat harvest. First, timely watering to protect seedlings. For the wheat field where drought has occurred, we should pay close attention to watering to protect seedlings, so as to promote root growth and tillering. It is better to use small border fine water for winter water, so that there is no ponding in the field, so as to avoid soil hardening, and avoid flooding and scouring the topsoil. The thin and weak seedlings should be irrigated as early as possible, and the fertile seedlings should be irrigated as late as possible. The second is to hoe before winter. In case of soil hardening caused by rain, watering or other reasons, all kinds of wheat fields shall be hoed in time to break the hardening, ventilate and keep moisture, and promote the healthy growth of roots and seedlings. For plots with loose soil caused by rotary tillage and straw returning, extensive cultivation and lots of debris, pre winter suppression must be carried out to prevent seedlings from dying in winter. In addition, for early sowing, too large population and too prosperous wheat fields, intertillage, suppression or spraying growth inhibitors can be adopted to control prosperity and grow stronger, so as to ensure seedlings to survive the winter safely. Third, complete the ditch system. Properly increase the trenching density, cover the exposed seeds with ditch mud, maintain the root system, enhance the ability to absorb nutrients, and ensure the recovery of leaf growth and the occurrence of new tillers. Fourth, strengthen disease and insect prevention and control. Focus on the prevention and control of wheat stripe rust, sheath blight, powdery mildew, aphids, underground pests and other diseases and pests, as well as the chemical control of weeds such as Aegilops tauschii and wild oats.
The notice emphasized that all regions should organize agricultural technicians and experts to go deep into the front line to investigate the situation of seedlings, soil moisture, disease, pests and disasters, and timely formulate technical plans for field management before winter. Information services were strengthened by issuing materials, preparing wall newspapers, sending mobile phone messages and other ways to ensure that technical publicity was in place. We will put the 10000 mu high yield demonstration project into practice in counties, villages and fields, and give full play to its exemplary role. Carry out multi-level and multi form technical consultation and service, vigorously organize technical training, and ensure the implementation of technical measures. Strengthen pest monitoring and early warning, make accurate predictions and forecasts, release pest information as early as possible, and guide farmers to carry out pest control.